STATE INFORMATION

By Ashley Nagel

Jan. 3, 2001-Feb. 8, 2001

State
(In Alphabetical Order)
Capitol Statehood
Date
Name Origin
1. Alabama Montgomery 1819 The name of the state was taken from the Alabama River, which was named from the Alabama or Allibamon Indians.
2. Alaska Juneau 1959 The name of the state is derived from the Aleut word meaning mainland.
3. Arizona Phoenix 1912 The name of the state comes from the Indian word arizonacbelieved to mean place of the small spring.
4. Arkansas Little Rock 1836 The name of the state is taken from the Arkansas River, which was named from the Arkansa Indians; the s was added on as a plural, and the French pronunciation was retained.
5. California Sacramento 1850 The name California was just given to the Baja California Peninsula by the Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés in the early sixteenth century, and was applied by explorers to the more northern areas. The word California is derived from the name of an imaginary island in a popular Spanish romance of the time.
6. Colorado Denver 1876 The name of the state comes from the Colorado River, which was named by Spanish explorers and means Reddish color.
7. Connecticut Hartford 1788 The states name is derived from an Algonquian Indian term probably meaning place of the long river, referring to the Connecticut River.
8. Delaware Dover 1787 The state is named after Delaware Bay and the Delaware River, both named in honor of Thomas West , 3d baron De La Warr, the first colonial governor of Virginia.
9. Florida Tallahassee 1845 In 1513, Spanish explorer Jeon Ponce De León named the region Florida, which is Spanish for flowery, either because Florida's vegetation included many flowers or because the time of his visit was Easter week, which in Spanish is Pascua florida.
10. Georgia Atlanta 1788 Georgia is named for George II of England.
11. Hawaii Honolulu 1959 The name of the state is taken from the island of Hawaii and is a Polynesian word or name of unknown meaning. In the 19th century the name was extended to the entire archepelago.
12. Idaho Boise 1890 The name of the state is derived from an Indian word that may be a Kiowa Apoche name for the Comanche.
13. Illinois Springfield 1818 The name of the state is taken from that of the Illinois, or Illini, Indian Confederation.
14. Indiana Indianapolis 1816 The states name, which refers to Indians, was coined in the 1760s and applied to a private tract of land in Pennsylvania; the name was officially adopted when Indiana Territory was formed in 1800.
15. Iowa Des Moines 1846 The states name was taken from the Iowa River, which is named for the Iowa Indians.
16. Kansas Topeka 1861 The states name is taken from the Kansas River, which was named for the Kansa Indians, a Sioux tribe.
17. Kentucky Frankfort 1792 The states name is taken from the Kentucky River, the name of which may be derived from an Iroquoian Indian term for meadowland.
18. Louisiana Baton Rouge 1812 The name of the state from the former French territory lying W of the Mississippi River, which was named Louisiane by the French explorer Robert Cavalier, sieur de La Salle, in honor of King Louis XIV.
19. Maine Augusta 1820 The name Maine probably originated as the word used by English explorers to refer to the Mainland; it may also be derived from the province and region of Maine in NW France.
20. Maryland Annapolis 1788 The state is named for Henrietta Maria, the wife of Charles I of England.
21. Massachusetts Boston 1788 The name of the state is probably derived from an Algonquian Indian village and may mean place of big hills.
22. Michigan Lansing 1837 The name of the state is derived from an Algonquian Indian term meaning big water.
23. Minnesota Saint Paul 1858 The states name is taken from the Minnesota River, and is a Sioux Indian word meaning cloudy water.
24. Mississippi Jackson 1817 The name of the state is taken from the Mississippi River, the name of which derived from an Algonquian Indian term for big river.
25. Missouri Jefferson City 1821 The name of the state is taken from the Missouri River and is an Algonquian name for a group that lived near the mouth of the river.
26. Montana Helena 1889 The name of the state is derived from a Spanish word meaning mountainous and was first applied to the territory in 1864.
27. Nebraska Lincoln 1867 The name Nebraska is derived from a Siouan indian word meaning flat or broad water refering to the Platte River.
28. Nevada Carson City 1889 The states name is taken from the Sierra Navada; Nevada is Spanish for snow covered.
29. New Hampshire Concord 1788 The state's name is taken from that of the English county Hampshire.
30. New Jersey Trenton 1787 The state is named for the Isle of Jersey, in the English Channel.
31. New Mexico Santa Fe 1912 The region north of Mexico was named Nuevo Mexico by a Spanish explorer in the 1560s. The name was translated and applied to the territory organized in 1850 and later to the state.
32. New York Albany 1788 New York, in the 1660s, was named after the duke of York, later James II of England.
33. North Carolina raleigh 1789 North Carolina was named for Charles I and Charles II of England.
34. North Dakota Bismark 1889 The name of the state is derived from a Sioux Indian term.
35. Ohio Columbus 1803 The state's name is taken from the Ohio River, the name of which is derived from an Iroquois Indian term for fine river.
36. Oklahoma Oklahoma City 1907 The name of the state is derived from two Chocktaw Indian words meaning red people and was originally proposed by a Chocktaw chief in the 1860s.
37. Oregon Salem 1859 The origin of the state is uncertain. It may , however, be derived from the French word ouragan meaning hurricane, a name formerly applied to the Colombia River.
38. Pennsylvania Harrisberg 1787 The name of the state was probably coined by Charles II of England and combines the surname of Adm. William Penn (1621-70), the father of William Penn, to whom the king granted the colony in 1681, and Sylva which is the Latin word for wood.
39. Rhode Island Providence 1790 The origin of the state is uncertain. It may refer to the Island of Rhodes in the Aegean Sea or derive from a Dutch word meaning red.
40. South Carolina Columbia 1788 South Carolina was named for Charles I and Charles II of England.
41. South Dakota Pierre 1889 The name of the state is derived from a Sioux Indian term. It was Fist applied to the territory in 1861 and when North and South Dakota were formed, the people of both areas decided to keep the name.
42. Tennessee Nashville 1789 The state's name is taken from the Tennessee River, the name of which is derived from that of the Cherokee Indian Village.
43. Texas Austin 1845 The state's name is derived from tejas, the mid-16th-century Spanish word rendering of a Caddo Indian term meaning friends; it was adopted and spelled as Texas when the area was organized as the Republic of Texas in 1836, the year it became independent from Mexico.
44. Utah Salt Lake City 1896 Utah is named after the Ute Indians in that region.
45. Vermont Montpelier 1791 The name of the state is derived from the French words vert, meaning green, and mont, meaning mountain.
46. Virginia Richmond 1788 The state is probably named for Elizabeth I of England, known also as the Virgin Queen; the name may also be derived from that of an Indian community in the area of the original colony.
47. Washington Olympia 1889 The state is named for George Washington.
48. West Virginia Charleston 1863 The name West Virginia refers to the state's formation from part of the west area of Virginia.
49. Wisconsin Madison 1848 The state is named for the Wisconsin River, the name of which is derived from the French version of an Ojibwa Indian term that may mean gathering of the waters or place of the beaver.
50. Wyoming Cheyenne 1890 Its name, taken from the Wyoming valley in NE Pennsylvania, is an Anglicized form of a Deleware Indian term meaning place of big plane.

 

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